welcoming a litter of newborn puppies into the world is an exciting and precious experience. As responsible pet owners or breeders, it is important to understand the developmental milestones of these adorable creatures. One notable milestone is the opening of their eyes. In this article, we will explore the timeline of when newborn puppies typically open their eyes, the factors that can affect this process, and how to care for their eyes during this critical period.

The Development of Newborn Puppies

Newborn puppies enter the world completely dependent on their mother. They are born with their eyes tightly shut, unable to see the world around them. Their early days are spent primarily nursing, staying warm, and growing rapidly. During this period, their eyes are still undergoing development, preparing for the eventual eye-opening.  

The Timeline of Eye Opening

The exact timing of when newborn puppies open their eyes can vary depending on the breed, individual puppy, and other factors. On average, puppies begin to open their eyes around 10 to 14 days after birth. However, some puppies may open their eyes as early as 7 days, while others may take up to 16 days or even slightly longer.

Factors That Affect the Opening of Puppy Eyes

Several factors can influence the timing of eye-opening in newborn puppies. Here are a few key factors to consider:


Different breeds may have variations in the timing of eye-opening. Some breeds tend to open their eyes earlier, while others may take a little longer.


The genetic makeup of the puppies can also play a role. Some bloodlines may tend to open their eyes earlier or later.

Environmental factors

The environment in which you keep the puppies can impact their eye development. A warm, clean, and safe environment promotes healthy growth and can contribute to timely eye-opening.

Health and nutrition

Puppies that receive adequate nutrition and proper care are more likely to reach developmental milestones, such as eye-opening, on time. Good health is essential for their overall well-being.

The Process of Eye-Opening

Watching newborn puppies go through the process of opening their eyes is both fascinating and heartwarming. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of what happens during this milestone:

Day 1: Closed Eyes

When newborn puppies are born, their eyelids are tightly shut, and they rely solely on their sense of touch and smell to navigate the world. At this stage, their eyes are still developing, and the structures necessary for vision are not fully formed.

Day 7-10: Eyelids Begin to Unseal

Around the one-week mark, you may notice the eyelids of the puppies starting to unseal. It is not uncommon to see a thin, transparent membrane covering their eyes during this phase. The puppies’ eyes are still delicate and not fully functional at this point.

Day 10-14: Eyes Fully Open

Between days 10 to 14, the newborn puppies’ eyes should be fully open, revealing their beautiful, inquisitive gaze to the world. This signifies a significant developmental milestone, as their vision begins to sharpen, and they start exploring their surroundings visually.

What to Expect When the Eyes Open

When newborn puppies finally open their eyes, it’s an exciting moment. Initially, the puppies’ eyes may appear hazy or cloudy, and their vision will be limited.. Over time, their eyesight will improve as their eyes continue to develop. The eye color of the puppies will also start to become more apparent as they grow.

Caring for Newborn Puppies

While waiting for the puppies’ eyes to open, it’s crucial to provide them with proper care and attention. Here are a few tips to ensure their well-being:

Nurturing environment: Create a warm, quiet, and comfortable space for the puppies and their mother.

Regular feeding: Ensure that the mother dog is well-nourished and has access to clean water. Monitor the puppies’ nursing to ensure they are getting enough milk.

Gentle handling: Handle the puppies with care, keeping in mind that their eyes are delicate and still developing.

Veterinary care: Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure the health and development of the puppies.

The Importance of Eye Development in Newborn Puppies

The ability to see is crucial for any living being, and newborn puppies are no exception. Opening their eyes allows puppies to perceive their surroundings, recognize their mother, and begin the process of socialization. Additionally, their vision helps them navigate their environment, find their mother’s teats for nourishment, and interact with their littermates.

The Timeline of Eye Opening

Newborn puppies close their eyes at birth and require some time to develop before eventually opening them. On average, puppies will begin to open their eyes between 10 to 14 days after birth. However, it’s important to note that the timing can vary slightly depending on the breed and individual development of each puppy.

Signs of Eye Infection or Abnormalities

While it’s normal for newborn puppies to have their eyes closed initially, it’s essential to monitor their eye health for any signs of infection or abnormalities. If you notice excessive swelling, discharge, redness, or the eyes not opening beyond the expected timeframe, it’s crucial to seek veterinary attention promptly. Early detection and treatment of eye issues are vital for the well-being of the puppies.

The Role of the Mother in Eye Development

The mother dog plays a vital role in the eye development of her newborn puppies. She ensures their eyes stay clean and free from debris by gently licking them. This grooming action stimulates blood flow and helps remove any substances that may hinder eye-opening. The mother’s presence also provides a sense of security and comfort to the puppies, promoting healthy eye development.


The moment when newborn puppies open their eyes is a remarkable milestone in their early lives. Understanding the factors that influence this process and providing the necessary care and attention are essential for their well-being. As they embark on their journey of discovery, be there to support and guide them with love and care.



Can All Newborn Puppies Open Their Eyes At The Same Time?

No, the timing of eye-opening can vary among individual puppies, even within the same litter. It is normal for there to be some variation.

What Should I Do If My Puppy’s Eyes Don’t Open Within The Expected Timeframe?

If the puppies’ eyes don’t open within the average timeline, it’s advisable to consult a veterinarian. They can evaluate the puppies’ health and provide guidance if necessary.

Are Puppies Born Blind?

Yes, newborn puppies are born with their eyes closed, and they are unable to see until their eyes open after a certain period.

Can I Try To Open The Puppies’ Eyes Myself?

No, it is not recommended to try to force or manually open the puppies’ eyes. It’s best to allow their eyes to open naturally as part of their normal development.

When Will The Puppies’ Eyesight Be Fully Developed?

The puppies’ eyesight will continue to develop gradually over time. It may take a few weeks or even a couple of months for their vision to fully mature.